At Home Speech Therapy for Children and Adults in Northern NJ

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At Home Speech Therapy for Children and Adults in Northern NJ

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What is Dysphagia?

Posted on August 4, 2017 at 10:20 PM


Dysphagia is the term used to describe difficulty with swallowing. The action of swallowing has three phases (oral, pharyngeal, and esophageal) and dysphagia can occur during any of these phases. Dysphagia can occur in both children and adults.



Symptoms may include:
Coughing after eating
Gagging/coughing while eating
Leaking of food or liquid from the mouth or nose
Requiring extra time or effort to chew and/or swallow
Experiencing chronic pneumonia or respiratory infections
Changing vocal quality after eating (may sound gurgly, hoarse or breathy)

Because eating and drinking are crucial components to our daily lives, dysphagia can lead to both nutritional and social problems. For example, a person with dysphagia may experience dehydration or weight loss and/or may be less willing to participate in social activities due to embarrassment.


Some possible causes of dysphagia in children include:
Reflux
Prematurity
Cerebral palsy
Encephalopathy
Cleft lip and/or palate

Some possible causes of dysphagia in adults include:
ALS
Stroke
Brain injury
Parkinson’s Disease
Alzheimer’s Disease

If you suspect that you or a loved one is experiencing dysphagia, it is important that you speak to your doctor and undergo a swallowing evaluation. These evaluations are performed by speech-language pathologists with expertise and training in dysphagia. To find a speech-language pathologist who is board certified in swallowing and swallowing disorders, visit the American Board of Swallowing and Swallowing Disorders.  

References:
ASHA. (n.d.). Feeding and Swallowing Disorders (Dysphagia) in Children. Retrieved from http://www.asha.org/public/speech/swallowing/Feeding-and-Swallowing-Disorders-in-Children/

ASHA. (n.d.). Swallowing Disorders (Dysphagia) in Adults.  Retrieved from http://www.asha.org/public/speech/swallowing/Swallowing-Disorders-in-Adults/

About the Author:


Courtney Caruso is the owner of Liberty Speech Associates LLC and is a bilingual speech-language pathologist in Northern NJ. She works with children and adults in their homes so they can work on their skills in a natural environment where they are most comfortable.

Interested in speech or language therapy? Contact Courtney at 201-658-4400 or ccaruso@libertyspeechassociates.com.

Categories: Adults, Children

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